Volume 4 Issue 1
Daily Physical Activity And Exercise For People With Long Term Neurological Conditions; A Delicate Balance Between Training And Recovery
Olaf Verschuren*, Claire Fitzsimons, Gillian Mead, Frederike van Wijck, Rita van den Berg-Emons, Annet Dallmeijer, Astrid C.J.Balemans
Rehabilitation is a common treatment modality for people with long term neurological conditions (LTNC), and is often focused on increasing physical activity levels to assist each patient in achieving the highest possible degree of individual physical behavior. Physical behavior is an umbrella term, which includes the behavior of a person in terms of body postures, movements, and/or daily activities in his/her own environment. It can be divided into physical activity at light to vigorous intensities and sedentary behavior.
Acute and Chronic Effects of Physical Exercise on Growth Hormone (GH)/ IGF-I Axis in Children and Adolescents: A Narrative Review
Hugo Tourinho Filho*, Marcela Pires, Eike Kohama, Rafael G. Fornel, Carlos Eduardo Martinelli Jr
The aim of this review was to describe the kinetics of GH/IGF-I axis in relation to acute and chronic stimuli from physical exercise in children and adolescents. The GH/IGF-I system comprises a series of growth mediators, receptors, and binding proteins that regulate somatic and tissue growth in several species. It has been shown that exercise programs affect this anabolic function through changes in the levels of the components of the GH/IGF-I axis. Some studies have demonstrated a reduction in the circulating levels of GH/IGF-I axis components in adolescents and children in response to training sessions, possibly due to an increase in cytokine levels triggered by intense exercise.