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 March 2015

 

 Volume 2 Issue 1
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Research Article
Sports Injuries in University Physical Education Teacher Education Students: A Prospective Epidemiological Investigation

Swarup Mukherjee*

The university physical education (PE) program is rigorous and exposes the students to increased risks of sports injuries. The higher risk of injuries in the university PE students is a concern as it can adversely affect their teacher training and also interfere with their professional career in the long term. This study was a prospective epidemiological investigation of sports injuries in university physical education teacher education (PETE) students.

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Research Article

Cortisol, Testosterone and Soccer: Hormonal Trends through a Competitive Season

Di Blasio A, Bucci I, Petrella V, Giuliani C, Vitale R, Monaco F  and Napolitano G*

Activation of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis usually occurs after physical and/or psychological stress with a magnitude modulated by both intensity of the stress episodes and individual variability. Competitive sport activities can be considered as a stressor, and many studies have investigated the dynamic relationships of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis finding different results. The aim of our study was to evaluate cortisol and testosterone levels in salivary samples from 16 soccer players over six training sessions and 18 matches.

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Research Article
High Intensity Exercise Program Using a New Exercise Device Improves Muscle Strength in Women Over 70 years of Age

Dmitry Verniba*, William H Gage

Falls are a major cause of pain, disability, and early mortality in older adults. Reduction in muscle strength and muscle power generation capacity with age is among the reasons why older adults are at a greater risk of falling than younger people. Despite the recent evidence that high-intensity exercise has been shown to be effective in reducing risk of falling for older adults there is reticence for older adults to engage in high-intensity exercise. Additionally, a limiting factor within institutional living for engaging older adults in meaningful exercise can be lack of space and lack of equipment.

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Review Article
Developing A Multi-Directional Single-Leg Jumping Assessment which Incorporates Technical, Physical and Perceptual Components of Performance

Jennifer K. Hewit, PhD

Developing a comprehensive athlete profile can provide coaches and clinicians with a variety of valuable information regarding individual players’ performance and capabilities. Creating an assessment that is not only reliable, but also addresses the three primary components of agility (technical, physical and perceptual) is needed to better assess individual player strengths and weaknesses. Unilateral performance measures across multiple directions can be used to detect directional-specific asymmetries which may provide valuable information regarding those players that are at an increased risk of injury or that may not be ready to return to play following a lower limb injury.

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Research Article
Changes in Motor Skills with Short-Term Exercise Interventions in Japanese -9 and -10Year Olds

Tatsuo Yasumitsu*, Haruo Nogawa

For a while now, the decline in motor skills among the children of Japan has been viewed as a problem. In particular, the motor skills of routinely inactive children are believed to be strikingly low. The adverse effects of insufficient exercise and inadequate lifestyle habits among children are not limited to the realm of exercise, but also appear in health aspects such as obesity and lifestyle diseases. Therefore, it can be inferred that initiatives to improve motor skills at school will contribute to improving the physical fitness of inactive children or those with low stamina.

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